premier cru supérieur
What is "Château d’Yquem"?
Château d’Yquem is a prestigious sweet white wine from Bordeaux. It falls under the appellation of Sauternes, and is classified as a premier cru supérieur, which makes it the top wine in its appellation.
It is made with sémillon and sauvignon grapes which grow in a pebbly soil with a chalky clay subsoil. This is ideal for the sémillon grapes which have to be allowed to become over-ripe on the vine so that they can be infected with the botrytis cinerea fungus. Château d’Yquem can only be made from grapes affected with this so-called ‘Noble Rot’ which concentrates the sugars and the acids essential for the development of the wine.
If the botrytis doesn’t develop in a vintage, there is no Yquem that year.
Château d’Yquem is described as having an intense, full, sweet and spicy taste, with the bouquet of honey, nuts, candied oranges, apricots and sultanas. The most expensive white wine on record is a Château d’Yquem from the 1811 vintage which sold for £75 000.00.
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